The law clearly states under Alabama Title 13A-11-14 (Cruelty to Animals) that a person commits the crime of cruelty to animals if, except as otherwise authorized by law, he or she intentionally or recklessly:
1. Subjects any animal to cruel or mistreatment; or
2. Subjects any animal in his or her custody to cruel neglect; or
3. Kills or injures without good cause any animal belonging to another.
However, the law does not state an individual must allow an animal to endanger the life of a person, his or her family or property. Therefore, an individual does have the right to protect life or property if he or she can articulate the action of hurting or taking the life of an animal. This does not mean a person may be exempt from civil law suit or being named on an Alabama Incident Offense Report, which may lead to the arrest of the individual if their actions meet any of the aforementioned requirements under State Code 13A-11-14 Cruelty to Animals.